Brandt School Universität Erfurt

Development and Socio-Economic Policies

In the policy world there is hard to overcome, but increasingly obsolete distinction between rich countries and the developing world. This distinction has led to bifurcations in policy and academic research. An example is the breach between studying international means to fighting poverty and inequality and domestic means to fighting poverty and inequality. At Brandt School we question the logic of ‘them and us’ and aim at combining perspectives, looking for coherence and incoherence between the domestic and international level.

Recently, for instance, we have finished a project on how national social policy links up with giving international development aid. We found how trade-offs in poverty-oriented aid inhibit its effectiveness and looked at ways how to overcome them (read more here and here). Currently, we look at how aid and domestic social policies deal with new and growing spatial inequalities (find out more here and here).

As an illustration look at the following picture of nighttime satellite data in the year of 2012. You can easily discern the blue-lined administrative boundaries of Myanmar. Satellite data is very valuable in illustrating processes of economic growth and electricity consumption. But it also shows the huge spatial inequalities in a country where there are rising differences between the Burmese mainland and its ‘periphery’.

 

On graph on basis of GIS data from U.S. Navy

‘Development’ itself is a contested but dominant concept having a strong and particular resonance with economics. At Brandt School, we broaden the perspective by looking at the political and social context of socio-economic policies: how do they arise and what effects do they have beyond the narrow scope of economic growth? In a similar vein, we highlight the fact that knowledge exchange is not a North-to-South one-way lane. Many innovative ideas ranging from 19th century Prussian bureaucratic reforms stimulated by Jesuit reports on Chinese administration to the wave of deliberative budgeting originating in places like Porto Alegre, Brazil, indeed come from so-called developing countries.

There are other similarities across regions. For instance, we see similar, sometimes chronic policy problems in the field of taxation, social and labour market policies in many different regions. Just think about recent re-nationalizations of private pension systems in Latin America and Eastern Europe. More specifically, we investigate a particular type of policy failure in these areas: instability and boom-and-bust cycles. Why do hopes and expectations in policy interventions sometimes overshoot? Why do good ideas such as microfinance implode after short time? Is this due to excessive forms of outside intervention or domestic instabilities or both? And how can we generate sound and resilient policy solutions under such circumstances?

Finally, we are interested in addressing new challenges to the welfare regime across the globe. How do social and labour policies respond to international and national migration. What does digitalization and automation do to established systems of social protection and how does it shape new or innovative policies (read more here and here).

Interested? Contact us at marvin.zeuner(at)uni-erfurt.de or follow us at @achkem on Twitter.



Cluster Coordinator

Prof. Dr. Achim Kemmerling
Gerhard Haniel Professor for Public Policy and International Development

News

Professor Achim Kemmerling and Sarah Berens have published a new paper, “Labor Divides, Informality, and Regulation: The Public Opinion on Labor Law in Latin America" to appear in the GIGA...

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We are seeking a PhD Research Associate (wissenschaftlicher MitarbeiterIn) for Prof. Kemmerling's chair in International Development and Public Policy. The position is part-time, i.e. 20h...

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The project group "Harmful Tax Practices, Tax Avoidance and Tax Administration in Developing Countries", supervised by Prof. Dr. Achim Kemmerling, has published a case study on the on how...

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